Energy in Buildings

Created by Y. SAHEB
Policies and Targets
Technology and Standards

Final energy consumption trends:

Final energy consumption experienced in Europe an increase in absolute terms of 10% between 1990 and 2006 where the consumption peaked at 1190 Mtoe. Over this period, the share of the final energy consumption of residential and non-residential buildings increased from 35.4% to 37.7% . This made buildings the largest single end-use of energy in Europe.

Since the financial crisis the overall EU final energy consumption experienced a decrease. During the period 2007- 2012, it decreased by 8% while the final energy consumption of residential and non-residential buildings decreased by only 2.5%. The decrease of buildings' final energy consumption was experienced mainly in residential buildings (4%) despite the increase of number of square of meters as a result of the construction of new buildings prior to the crisis.

Portugal experienced the highest decrease (16%) while Bulgaria and Italy experienced the highest increase (15%) of the final energy consumption of residential buildings during the same period.  By contrast, final energy consumption of non-residential buildings remained almost stable during the period 2007-2012. In non-residential buildings, the highest decrease of the final energy consumption was observed in Slovakia and Ireland (22%) while the highest increase was in Slovenia (24%). Most probably, the efficiency improvement and the decrease of the activity have been compensated by the high penetration of consumer electronics devices.

Source: EUR26888EN, pages 27-28.
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