Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Efficiency 2000 - 2012

Maria Ntovantzi
Paolo Bertoldi
Policies and Targets
Technology and Standards
Transport and Mobility

This report aims at showing the present status of energy consumption in EU-28, in the four main energy consuming sectors : Residential, tertiary, transport and industry.  During the last years, there have been efforts by the European Union to cut down on energy consumption and improve energy efficiency. From 2000-2012, there have been various initiatives that aim at reducing final energy consumption. Therefore the report demonstrates the energy consumption progress from 2000-2012 in the four sectors. Besides the final energy consumption, electricity and gas consumption are analysed, as they are the most important alternatives to oil. The report consists of five chapters. The first chapter compares data for gross and final energy consumption. This comparison gives insights about energy consumption/losses that take place before the delivery of energy for the final end use. Chapter 2 analyses the final energy consumption in the residential sector. A special focus is given in this sector, because many policies have been implemented here. The analysis includes consumption drivers such as economic growth, population, heating demand, household characteristics and energy prices. Chapter 3 focuses on the tertiary sector and gives an overview of the energy consumption changes. Chapter 4 analyses the transport sector with a focus on the road sector. Last, chapter 5 gives an overview of the main changes in the industry sector in the energy consumption and production output.
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